How Can Convert Date Format In Oracle?

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In Oracle, you can convert date formats using the TO_DATE function. This function allows you to specify the format in which you want the date to be displayed. For example, if you have a date stored in the database as '02-JAN-21' and you want to convert it to '2021-01-02', you can use the TO_DATE function with the appropriate format mask. The syntax for the TO_DATE function is as follows: TO_DATE(date_column, 'current_format', 'new_format'). You can specify the format of the date using the following format masks:

  • 'YYYY' for four-digit year
  • 'MM' for month (01-12)
  • 'DD' for day (01-31)
  • 'HH24' for hour (00-23)
  • 'MI' for minute (00-59)
  • 'SS' for second (00-59) By using the TO_DATE function with the appropriate format masks, you can easily convert date formats in Oracle.

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What is the purpose of the TO_CHAR function in Oracle?

The TO_CHAR function in Oracle is used to convert a number, date, or timestamp value to a specific format as a character value. This function allows users to customize the display format of the data in order to make it more readable and presentable. It is commonly used in SQL queries and reports to format the output as needed.


What is the purpose of the TO_DATE function with an explicit format mask in Oracle?

The purpose of the TO_DATE function with an explicit format mask in Oracle is to convert a string representing a date and time into an actual DATE data type in the database. The explicit format mask specifies the exact format of the input string, allowing the function to accurately convert it into a date value. This is useful when dealing with date and time data in different formats, ensuring that the conversion is done correctly according to the specific format provided.


What is the purpose of the TO_TIMESTAMP function in Oracle?

The TO_TIMESTAMP function in Oracle is used to convert a string value into a TIMESTAMP data type value. It can be used to convert strings in various formats, such as 'YYYY-MM-DD HH24:MI:SS', into TIMESTAMP values that can be used in date and time calculations and comparisons. It is particularly useful when working with date and time data in Oracle databases.


How to specify a custom date format in Oracle?

In Oracle, you can specify a custom date format by using the 'TO_CHAR' function with the appropriate date format mask. Here is an example to specify a custom date format in Oracle:


SELECT TO_CHAR(SYSDATE, 'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS') AS custom_date FROM dual;


In this example, the date format mask 'DD-MON-YYYY HH24:MI:SS' specifies the date format as day-month-year hour:minute:second.


You can also use other date format elements to create a custom date format according to your requirements. For a list of date format elements that you can use in Oracle, you can refer to the Oracle documentation.


What is the role of TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ in timestamp conversion in Oracle?

TO_TIMESTAMP_TZ is a function in Oracle that converts a string in a specified format to a TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE value. This function takes in a string representing a timestamp along with a format model that defines the format of the timestamp and time zone information, and returns a TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE value.


This function is useful for converting strings in different formats to TIMESTAMP WITH TIME ZONE values and can be used for tasks such as data import/export, data transformation, and reporting. It allows for flexibility in handling timestamp data in different formats and time zones within the Oracle database.

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