How to Use Conditional Statements In Dart?

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Conditional statements in Dart are used to control the flow of execution based on certain conditions. There are mainly two types of conditional statements: if-else and switch-case.

  1. if-else: The if-else statement allows us to execute a certain block of code if a certain condition is true and another block of code if the condition is false. Example: if (condition) { // Code to be executed if condition is true. } else { // Code to be executed if condition is false. }
  2. switch-case: The switch-case statement evaluates an expression and executes a specific block of code depending on the matched value. Example: switch (variable) { case value1: // Code to be executed if variable matches value1. break; case value2: // Code to be executed if variable matches value2. break; default: // Code to be executed if variable does not match any case value. } Note that the break keyword is necessary after each case to exit the switch statement.


Additionally, there is the ternary operator which provides a concise way to handle simple conditional expressions.


Example:

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variable = (condition) ? value1 : value2;


In this example, if the condition is true, the value of variable will be value1, otherwise it will be value2.


These conditional statements are helpful for decision-making in your Dart programs based on specified conditions.

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What are the common best practices for using conditional statements in Dart?

When using conditional statements in Dart, there are several common best practices to follow:

  1. Use the conditional (ternary) operator for simple if-else statements: Dart allows you to use the condition ? expr1 : expr2 syntax to perform a simple if-else statement in a single line. This is useful when the if-else logic is simple and concise.
  2. Prefer if-else statements for more complex conditions: If the if-else logic requires multiple conditions or complex expressions, it is recommended to use the traditional if-else statements. This makes the code more readable and easier to understand.
  3. Avoid nested if-else statements when possible: Nesting multiple if-else statements can make the code harder to follow and understand. If possible, try to refactor the conditions or use boolean operators (&&, ||) to simplify the logic.
  4. Use switch statements for multiple options: Dart provides switch statements to handle multiple options based on a specific value. This is a cleaner and more structured way to handle such cases compared to a series of if-else statements.
  5. Use assert statements for testing assumptions: Dart provides the assert statement to check assumptions during development. Use assert statements to ensure that certain conditions are met during runtime. This helps to catch bugs and ensure the correctness of the code.
  6. Avoid code duplication: When using conditional statements, be mindful of code duplication. If certain code blocks are repeated in different branches of if-else statements, consider extracting them into separate functions or variables to improve code quality and reduce redundancy.
  7. Comment complex conditions: If a condition is complex and may not be immediately obvious, add comments to explain its purpose and behavior. This helps other developers (including your future self) understand the code easily.


By following these best practices, you can write clean, readable, and maintainable code using conditional statements in Dart.


How to use logical operators in Dart conditional statements?

In Dart, logical operators can be used in conditional statements to combine multiple conditions or to invert a condition. The logical operators in Dart are as follows:

  1. AND operator (&&): It returns true if both conditions on its left and right are true.
  2. OR operator (||): It returns true if at least one of the conditions on its left or right is true.
  3. NOT operator (!): It inverts the result of a condition. If the condition is true, it returns false and if the condition is false, it returns true.


Here is an example of how to use logical operators in Dart conditional statements:

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void main() {
  int age = 18;
  bool hasLicense = true;

  // Using AND operator (&&)
  if (age >= 18 && hasLicense) {
    print("You are eligible to drive.");
  } else {
    print("You are not eligible to drive.");
  }

  // Using OR operator (||)
  if (age >= 18 || hasLicense) {
    print("You are eligible to drive or have a license.");
  } else {
    print("You are not eligible to drive or have a license.");
  }

  // Using NOT operator (!)
  bool isStudent = false;
  if (!isStudent) {
    print("You are not a student.");
  } else {
    print("You are a student.");
  }
}


In this example, if the age is greater than or equal to 18 and the hasLicense is true, then the first condition using the AND operator will be true. If the age is greater than or equal to 18 or the hasLicense is true, then the second condition using the OR operator will be true. Finally, the third condition uses the NOT operator to check if the isStudent variable is false.


What is the syntax for if statements in Dart?

The syntax for if statements in Dart is as follows:

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if (condition) {
  // Code to execute if the condition is true
} else {
  // Code to execute if the condition is false
}


The if statement begins with the keyword if, followed by a condition enclosed in parentheses. If the condition evaluates to true, the code block inside the curly braces immediately following the if statement will be executed.


Optionally, you can include an else block, which will be executed if the condition of the if statement evaluates to false. The else block begins with the keyword else, followed by the code block enclosed in curly braces.


It is also possible to have multiple else if clauses to test additional conditions:

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if (condition1) {
  // Code to execute if condition1 is true
} else if (condition2) {
  // Code to execute if condition2 is true
} else {
  // Code to execute if all conditions are false
}


Here, the else if clause allows you to test an additional condition. The else block at the end will be executed when all conditions are false.


What is the difference between if and else-if statements in Dart?

In Dart, both if and else-if statements are used to conditionally execute code based on certain conditions. However, there is a difference in how they are structured and their behavior.

  1. if statement:
  • The if statement is used to check a condition and execute a block of code if the condition is true.
  • It can be used alone or in conjunction with else or else-if statements.
  • It supports multiple if statements one after another (without any else or else-if) to check different conditions independently.


Example:

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if (condition1) {
   // code to be executed if condition1 is true
} else if (condition2) {
   // code to be executed if condition1 is false and condition2 is true
} else {
   // code to be executed if both condition1 and condition2 are false
}


  1. else-if statement:
  • The else-if statement is used to check an additional condition only if the preceding if or else-if condition(s) are false.
  • It provides an alternative set of code to be executed when multiple conditions have to be checked in a sequence.


Example:

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if (condition1) {
   // code to be executed if condition1 is true
} else if (condition2) {
   // code to be executed if condition1 is false and condition2 is true
} else if (condition3) {
   // code to be executed if both condition1 and condition2 are false, and condition3 is true
} else {
   // code to be executed if all conditions (condition1, condition2, and condition3) are false
}


In summary, if statement is used for the first condition, while else-if statement is used for additional conditions after the first condition fails. Both help in controlling the flow of code execution based on conditions.

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