How to Work With Loops In Dart?

13 minutes read

Loops are a fundamental part of any programming language, including Dart. They allow you to repeat a block of code multiple times, which can be extremely useful when dealing with repetitive tasks or working with collections of data.


Dart offers various types of loops that you can use depending on your specific requirements. The most commonly used loop structures in Dart are the "for" loop, the "while" loop, and the "do-while" loop.

  1. The "for" loop: This loop executes a block of code for a specified number of times. It consists of three parts: initialization, condition, and increment/decrement. The loop continues as long as the condition holds true. for (initialization; condition; increment/decrement) { // code to be executed }
  2. The "while" loop: This loop continues executing a block of code as long as a specified condition evaluates to true. The condition is checked before entering the loop. while (condition) { // code to be executed }
  3. The "do-while" loop: This loop is similar to the "while" loop, but the condition is checked after executing the block of code. Hence, the code will always execute at least once. do { // code to be executed } while (condition);


Within the loop, you can perform any desired task, such as manipulating variables, invoking functions, or updating data structures. To control the loop flow, you can use control statements like "break" to exit the loop prematurely or "continue" to skip the current iteration and jump to the next one.


Loops are very versatile and allow you to perform complex operations with ease. With the knowledge of loops in Dart, you will be able to efficiently handle repetitive tasks and process collections of data in your programs.

Best Dart Books to Read in 2024

1
Flutter and Dart Cookbook: Developing Full-Stack Applications for the Cloud

Rating is 5 out of 5

Flutter and Dart Cookbook: Developing Full-Stack Applications for the Cloud

2
Flutter Cookbook: Over 100 proven techniques and solutions for app development with Flutter 2.2 and Dart

Rating is 4.9 out of 5

Flutter Cookbook: Over 100 proven techniques and solutions for app development with Flutter 2.2 and Dart

3
Quick Start Guide to Dart Programming: Create High-Performance Applications for the Web and Mobile

Rating is 4.8 out of 5

Quick Start Guide to Dart Programming: Create High-Performance Applications for the Web and Mobile

4
Dart: Up and Running: A New, Tool-Friendly Language for Structured Web Apps

Rating is 4.7 out of 5

Dart: Up and Running: A New, Tool-Friendly Language for Structured Web Apps

5
The Dart Programming Language

Rating is 4.6 out of 5

The Dart Programming Language

6
Mastering Dart: A Comprehensive Guide to Learn Dart Programming

Rating is 4.5 out of 5

Mastering Dart: A Comprehensive Guide to Learn Dart Programming

7
Flutter Cookbook: 100+ step-by-step recipes for building cross-platform, professional-grade apps with Flutter 3.10.x and Dart 3.x, 2nd Edition

Rating is 4.4 out of 5

Flutter Cookbook: 100+ step-by-step recipes for building cross-platform, professional-grade apps with Flutter 3.10.x and Dart 3.x, 2nd Edition

8
Flutter for Beginners: An introductory guide to building cross-platform mobile applications with Flutter 2.5 and Dart, 2nd Edition

Rating is 4.3 out of 5

Flutter for Beginners: An introductory guide to building cross-platform mobile applications with Flutter 2.5 and Dart, 2nd Edition


What is a label in Dart and how is it used in loops?

In Dart, a label is an identifier followed by a colon (:) used to mark a certain line of code. It is used in loops to easily control program flow, especially in complex nested loops.


A label can be placed before a loop or a switch statement in Dart, allowing you to specify where to jump to when using loop control statements like break and continue.


Here's an example of using a label in a loop:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
void main() {
  outerLoop: // label placed before the loop
  for (var i = 1; i <= 3; i++) {
    innerLoop: // label placed before the inner loop
    for (var j = 1; j <= 3; j++) {
      if (i == 2 && j == 2) {
        break outerLoop; // breaking out of the outer loop using the label
      }
      print('$i $j');
    }
  }
}


In the example above, a label called "outerLoop" is placed before the outer loop, and another label called "innerLoop" is placed before the inner loop. If the condition of the if statement is met, the break statement with the specified label "outerLoop" is triggered, causing the program flow to exit both the inner and outer loops.


Output:

1
2
1 1
1 2


As you can see, the program stopped running the loop when it encountered the break statement associated with the "outerLoop" label.


What is an array in Dart and how can it be used with loops?

In Dart, an array is an ordered collection of elements of the same type. It can be used to store multiple values under a single variable name. Dart provides a built-in List class, which can be used to create and manipulate arrays.


Arrays can be combined with loops, such as for loops or for-each loops, to iterate over the elements in the array and perform operations on each element. Here's an example of using an array with a for loop in Dart:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
void main() {
  List<int> numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

  for (int i = 0; i < numbers.length; i++) {
    print(numbers[i]);
  }
}


In this code snippet, an array named "numbers" is created, which contains integer values. The for loop is then used to iterate over each element of the array. The loop variable "i" is initialized to 0, and the loop continues as long as "i" is less than the length of the array. In each iteration, the current element of the array is accessed using the index "i" and printed to the console.


Arrays can also be used with other types of loops in Dart, such as the for-each loop, which provides a simpler syntax for iterating over the elements of an array:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
void main() {
  List<int> numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];

  for (int number in numbers) {
    print(number);
  }
}


In this code snippet, the for-each loop is used to iterate over each element in the array. The loop variable "number" is assigned the value of each element in the array, one by one, and it is then printed to the console. This approach eliminates the need for array indexes and provides a more readable syntax for iterating over arrays.


What are loop variables in Dart?

In Dart, loop variables are used in loops to control the flow and execution of the loop. They are created and initialized before the loop starts and are updated or modified with each iteration of the loop.


There are three common types of loop variables in Dart:

  1. for loop variable: In a for loop, the loop variable is usually declared and initialized in the loop's header. It controls the iteration and termination of the loop based on certain conditions.


Example:

1
2
3
for (int i = 0; i < 5; i++) {
  print(i);
}


  1. for-in loop variable: In a for-in loop, the loop variable represents each element of a collection or iterable. It iterates through each item sequentially until the end of the collection.


Example:

1
2
3
4
List<int> numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
for (int number in numbers) {
  print(number);
}


  1. while or do-while loop variable: In a while or do-while loop, a loop variable is typically declared before the loop. It is then modified within the loop's body to control the flow of execution and termination of the loop.


Example:

1
2
3
4
5
int i = 0;
while (i < 5) {
  print(i);
  i++;
}


These loop variables allow developers to control how many times the loop executes, which elements of a collection to access, or when to terminate the loop based on certain conditions.


How to break out of a loop in Dart?

There are several ways to break out of a loop in Dart:

  1. Using the break statement: The break statement is used to terminate the current loop and continue with the next statement after the loop. Here's an example:
1
2
3
4
5
6
for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
  if (i == 5) {
    break; // Breaks out of the loop when i is equal to 5
  }
  print(i);
}


Output:

1
2
3
4
5
0
1
2
3
4


  1. Using a boolean flag: You can use a boolean flag to control the loop and break out when the flag is set to a specific value. Here's an example:
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
var flag = true;
var i = 0;

while (flag) {
  if (i == 5) {
    flag = false; // Set flag to false to break out of the loop
  }
  print(i);
  i++;
}


Output:

1
2
3
4
5
0
1
2
3
4


  1. Using the return statement (in the case of a function): If the loop is inside a function, you can use the return statement to terminate the function and break out of the loop. Here's an example:
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
void iterateAndBreak() {
  for (var i = 0; i < 10; i++) {
    if (i == 5) {
      return; // Terminates the function and breaks out of the loop
    }
    print(i);
  }
}

iterateAndBreak();


Output:

1
2
3
4
5
0
1
2
3
4


These are some of the common ways to break out of a loop in Dart. Choose the approach that best suits your specific use case.


How to work with loops in Dart?

In Dart, there are several types of loops that you can use: for loops, while loops, and do-while loops. Here's how you can work with each type:

  1. For Loops: For loops are used when you know the number of iterations in advance. Example: for (var i = 0; i < 5; i++) { print('Iteration $i'); } In this example, the loop will execute 5 times. The variable i is initialized to 0, and the loop will continue until i is no longer less than 5. In each iteration, the value of i will be incremented by 1.
  2. While Loops: While loops are used when you need to repeat a statement as long as a certain condition is true. Example: var i = 0; while (i < 5) { print('Iteration $i'); i++; } In this example, the loop will execute as long as i is less than 5. In each iteration, the value of i will be incremented by 1.
  3. Do-While Loops: Do-while loops are similar to while loops, but they execute the loop body first and then check the condition. Example: var i = 0; do { print('Iteration $i'); i++; } while (i < 5); In this example, the loop will execute at least once, and then it will continue if i is less than 5. In each iteration, the value of i will be incremented by 1.


These are the basic loop structures in Dart. You can use them to repeat code blocks multiple times based on specific conditions or for a certain number of iterations.


How to find the length of an array in Dart?

In Dart, you can find the length of an array using the length property. Here's an example:

1
2
3
4
5
6
void main() {
  List<int> numbers = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5];
  int length = numbers.length;
  
  print(length);  // Output: 5
}


In this example, the length property is used to get the number of elements in the numbers array, and it is assigned to the length variable.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Whatsapp Pocket

Related Posts:

To send emails via Gmail from Dart, you can use the mailer package. Here are the steps to achieve this:Set up your Dart project by creating a new Dart file and importing the necessary packages. import &#39;package:mailer/mailer.dart&#39;; import &#39;package:m...
Dart DevTools is a powerful tool for debugging Dart applications. It provides a comprehensive set of features to help you understand and analyze the behavior of your code during runtime. Here&#39;s an overview of how to use Dart DevTools for debugging:Installa...
To read user input in Dart, you can use the standard input/output methods provided by the dart:io library. Here&#39;s how you can do it:Import the dart:io library: import &#39;dart:io&#39;; Create an instance of the stdin object from the io library: var input ...